Your Credit Score: What it means
Before deciding on what terms they will offer you a mortgage loan (which they base on their risk), lenders must know two things about you: whether you can pay back the loan, and if you are willing to pay it back. To figure out your ability to pay back the loan, lenders assess your debt-to-income ratio. To assess how willing you are to repay, they use your credit score.
The most commonly used credit scores are FICO scores, which Fair Isaac & Company, a financial analytics agency, developed. Your FICO score ranges from 350 (high risk) to 850 (low risk). We've written more about FICO here.
Your credit score is a direct result of your history of repayment. They don't take into account income, savings, down payment amount, or personal factors like gender, race, national origin or marital status. These scores were invented specifically for this reason. Credit scoring was envisioned as a way to consider only that which was relevant to a borrower's willingness to repay a loan.
Your current debt load, past late payments, length of your credit history, and a few other factors are considered. Your score is based on the good and the bad of your credit history. Late payments count against you, but a consistent record of paying on time will raise it.
Your report should contain at least one account which has been open for six months or more, and at least one account that has been updated in the past six months for you to get a credit score. This payment history ensures that there is sufficient information in your report to calculate a score. Should you not meet the criteria for getting a score, you may need to work on your credit history before you apply for a mortgage.
Southwest Funding #841 can answer your questions about credit reporting. Give us a call: (512) 291-6100.